Hyperpigmentation is unevn pigmentation or dark patches appearing on the skin. These areas can often be a result of sun damage, injures, skin type, medications, hormonal changes or following acne flare-up.
At Kings Skin Clinic we aim to target those dark patches by offering a range of treatments.
What are causes hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin (pigment responsible for producing colour in our body such as skin, eyes and hair) is overproduced in certain areas on the skin.
Skin hyperpigmentation appear as flat, dark patches of varying size and shape that are light brown to black in colour.
Due to genetic make-up, skin of darker colour and tone (African, Asian and Mediterranean) are more prone to hyperpigmentation.
What are types of hyperpigmentation?
There are many types of hyperpigmentation, but the following are the most common:
Sun spots, brown spots and sun damage
We often see these as uneven skin tone on body areas most exposed to the sun such as the face, hands, arms, decolletage and shoulders. These changes are a result of prolonged sun exposure without adequate protection activating the melanin-producing cells, and take years to manifest themselves in the top layer of the skin. Sun damaged skin is the one of the earliest sign of aging and also the most common forms of pigmentation to treat.
Melasma (or chloasma) is often referred to as ‘the mask of pregnancy’ affecting 90% of pregnant women, particularly those of darker skin tones. It normally presents as a tan/ brown/ grey-brown patch in the face (forehead, nose, cheeks)
Postinflammatory pigmentation is usually caused by an injury, trauma or inflammation of the skin, commonly noted in those with acne, but can also be a result of cosmetic procedure as as dermabrasion, laser treatments and chemical peels.
What are available treatments of hyperpigmentation?
The treatment of hyperpigmentation would much depend on the cause and the aesthetic goals of your skin type.
Here at Kings Skin Clinic we offer:
Hydroquinone – This is a prescription only medication which is the current gold standard treatment for hyperpigmentation. It works by reducing melanin production and is often combined with other products to achieve optimum results.
Retin-A: This is also a prescription only medication (topical retinoid – derivative from Vitamin A) that is available in several strengths. It works by exfoliating the skin the speeding up the new skin cell growth resulting in improvement of uneven skin patches, and is often prescribed hydroquinone for desired outcome.
Skin peels involved application of specifically designed solutions to the surface of the skin with the aim of producing careful removal of its outer layers containing old dull skin cell and pigmentation. This results in increased cell turnover and collagen production in a more organized pattern to achieve a clearer, smoother, supple skin. There are varying strengths of peel often used in increasing fashion.
A popular skin peel system we use is the Obagi blue skin peel in combination with the Obagi Nu Derm transformation kit.
Obagi blue peel is a leading deep rejuvenation treatment that helps target uneven pigmentation as well as:
- Stimulating the creation of new cells
- Supporting the body’s natural regeneration and rejuvenation processes
- Toning and balancing the skin
- Protecting the surface of skin from the penetrating and harmful rays of the sun
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